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jueves, 29 de septiembre de 2011

Día Marítimo Mundial 2011 - Piratería: elaborando la respuesta.

Con relación al Día Marítimo Mundial, que la OMI conmemora con fecha de hoy, 29/09/11, les dejo dos artículos, uno en castellano y otro en idioma inglés. 

Tema para el Día Maritimo Mundial de 2011 - Piratería: elaborando la respuesta

Logotipo oficial del Día
Logotipo oficial del Día Marítimo Mundial 2011
El Día Maritimo Mundial de 2011 se celebra este año durante la semana del 26 al 30 de septiembre y tendrá lugar en la sede de la Organización Marítima Internacional el jueves 29 de septiembre de 2011.
Se escogió este tema para el Día Marítimo Mundial de 2011 con el fin de permitir a la OMI no solo que concentre e intensifique sus esfuerzos en hacer frente a los desafíos de la piratería moderna, sino también para facilitar la elaboración de una respuesta mundial más amplia con el objetivo de erradicar el problema. En consecuencia, se intentarán lograr los siguientes objetivos durante este año:
  • Incrementar la presión a nivel político para garantizar la liberación inmediata de todos los rehenessecuestrados por piratas - gente del mar, principalmente;
  • Revisar y mejorar las orientaciones dirigidas a la industria y conseguir la plena conformidad de los barcos con todas las medidas preventivas, evasivas y defensivas recomendadas;
  • Promover una ayuda más comprometida por parte de las armadas;
  • Fomentar la coordinación y la cooperación contra la piratería entre los Estados, las regiones y las organizaciones;
  • Fortalecer la capacidad de los Estados en regiones de todo el mundo infestadas de piratas, y en cualquier otro lugar, para disuadir, interceptar y someter a la justicia a aquellos que cometan actos de piratería y robo a mano armada contra los buques; e
  • igual de importante, ofrecer asistencia a aquellos que han sido atacados o secuestrados por piratas y a sus familias.

World Maritime Day 2011 - "Piracy: orchestrating the response"

Briefing: September 29, 2011
Today (29 September 2011) marks the 34th celebration of World Maritime Day. This year’s theme is: "Piracy: orchestrating the response", a theme chosen by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) to provide the international community and the shipping industry with an opportunity to highlight and reflect upon the efforts made to meet the challenges of modern-day piracy.
In his World Maritime Day message, IMO Secretary-General Efthimios E. Mitropoulos said that the United Nations, alliances (political and defence) of States, Governments acting collectively or individually, military forces, shipping companies, ship operators and ships’ crews, all had a crucial part to play in order to rid the world of the threat posed by piracy in the vast expanse of the Indian Ocean.
“To alleviate this unacceptable situation, no effort should be spared. Shipping companies must ensure that their ships rigorously apply the IMO guidance and industry-developed Best Management Practices in their entirety, so that, when venturing into the western Indian Ocean region, they comply with all the recommended measures: no ship is invulnerable, in particular those with relatively low freeboards and slow steaming speeds. And Governments need to back up their oft-stated concern over the situation by deploying military and other resources commensurate, in numbers and technology, with the scale of the problem and with a realistic chance of dealing with it effectively,” Mr. Mitropoulos said.
“While IMO has positioned itself in the epicentre of the concerted efforts being made, it cannot alone supply an instant solution to the issue – particularly since, although piracy manifests itself at sea, the roots of the problem are to be found ashore. Nevertheless, through our action plan and other initiatives, and in collaboration with other interested parties, equally determined and committed as ourselves, we feel confident we will be able to make a difference where the problem is being most acutely felt – at sea,” he added.
Mr. Mitropoulos noted that some success in thwarting pirate attacks can already be claimed, as can be seen from the falling percentage of attacks that prove successful. “Nevertheless, as the statistics so bleakly indicate, piracy and armed robbery against ships remain real and ever-present dangers to those who use the seas for peaceful purposes. So long as pirates continue harassing shipping, hijacking ships and seafarers, we are neither proud of, nor content with, the results achieved so far,” he said.
Concluding his World Maritime Day message, Mr. Mitropoulos said: “More needs to be done, including the capture, prosecution and punishment of all those involved in piracy; the tracing of ransom money; and the confiscation of proceeds of crime derived from hijacked ships, if the ultimate goal of consigning piracy to the realms of history is to be achieved. We hope that our choice of the theme for 2011 will provide an appropriate rallying point around which all those who can make a difference can focus their efforts. 

“In the meantime, our thoughts and prayers are with those seafarers, who, at present, are in the hands of pirates.  May they all be released unharmed and returned to their families soon.”
The World Maritime Day message, a video message  and a background paper, can be downloaded.
World Maritime Day Parallel Event in Italy 
Italy is hosting the 2011 IMO World Maritime Day Parallel Event, with celebrations being held in Rome on 13 and 14 October 2011. The Parallel Event will focus on this year's World Maritime Day theme: "Piracy: orchestrating the response" and the first day will consist of a seminar, divided into two sessions. The first session will address “Anti-piracy Measures and Best Practices”, while the second will focus on “International Co-operation against Piracy”.
On the second day, various activities will take place around the Civitavecchia harbour.
The event will be preceded by a regional meeting to discuss a draft memorandum of understanding on concerted procedures relating to the disembarkation of persons rescued at sea, many of whom turn out to be trafficked and undocumented migrants.
IMO – the International Maritime Organization – is the United Nations specialized agency with responsibility for the safety and security of shipping and the prevention of marine pollution by ships.
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For further information please contact:
Lee Adamson, Head, Public Information Services on 020 7587 3153 ( )
Natasha Brown, External Relations Officer on 020 7587 3274 ( ).

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